The Free Breakfast for Children Program was one among more than 60 community social programs created by the Black Panther Party. They were renamed Survival Programs in 1971.
President Harry Truman
The Party instituted the Free Breakfast for Children Programs to address food injustice, and community health clinics for education and treatment of diseases including sickle cell anemia, tuberculosis, and later HIV/AIDS. Black Panther Party members were involved in many fatal firefights with police.
The National School Lunch Program ( NSLP ) was established under the National School Lunch Act (NSLA), signed by President Harry Truman in 1946, to “safeguard the health and well-being of the Nation’s children and to encourage the domestic consumption of nutritious agricultural commodi- ties and other foods.” The NSLP
The National School Lunch Program makes it possible for all children attending school in the U.S. to receive a nutritious lunch every school day. The program provides per meal cash reimbursements to help schools provide this meal. This past school year, the commodity value schools received amounted to $ . 23 per lunch .
National School Lunch Program The Food and Nutrition Service (FNS), an agency of the USDA, administers the NSLP at the federal level. Within each individual state, the program is administered by a state agency, in most cases the Department of Education .
Reimbursable Meal – A single priced meal unit that offers all of the USDA daily required. meal pattern components for each age/grade group served in the minimum required amounts. Quantities vary by age/grade group, but components remain constant and necessary for all student meals claimed for reimbursement.
Huey P. Newton Bobby Seale Elbert Howard
The School Breakfast Program provides federally subsidized breakfasts to children at schools and child care facilities in the United States. The SBP was permanently authorized in 1975 for all schools who needed to provide better nutrition for their students and for higher reimbursement of the school .
The federal school meals programs provide federal support in the form of cash assistance and USDA commodity foods; both are provided according to statutory formulas based on the number of reimbursable meals served in schools .
Congress specifically designed the National School Lunch and Breakfast Programs to be entitlement programs . Block grant proposals cut funds for school meal programs and nullify crucial federal mandates, including nutrition standards and student eligibility rules for free and reduced price meals.